Raising Business Capital

Published / Last Updated on 06/08/2015

Raise Business Capital from Pension Funds - Expansion - Capital Raising - Self Investment - Sell Shares

Your Pension Fund can Buy Shares in your Company ....

Under Pension Simplification Rules, Pension schemes can invest in 'own' company shares to raise business capital.   Give your business a capital injection by selling company shares to your pension fund. 

1.  Company Pensions "Self Investment" Rules: 5-20% Max

Company Pensions for Directors such as Small Self Administered Scheme SSAS and Executive pensions and normal employee company schemes can invest

  • a maximum of 5% of the pension fund in one 'sponsoring' employer company and
  • a maximum of 20% in a range of 'own' 'sponsoring' employer companies with no more than 5% in any one company.

Before Pension Simplification i.e before 6 April 2006, the old rules allowed for 25% of the pension funds value in your own company's shares.  There are transitional rules that allow the continuation of the 25% holding.  If a pension fund looks to purchase more shares, the new rules above will apply.

2.  Personal Pensions "Self Investment" Rules:  100% Investment Opportunity  but be very careful

Using your personal pension fund to buy shares in a company that you own ...

Personal Pension type schemes such as Self Invested Personal Pensions are allowed to invest 100% of the pension fund in private company shares. 

This means you may use the whole of your pension fund to raise business capital and buy shares in a private limited company. 

Provided that

  • The pension scheme was not set up as an employer's trust based scheme such as a Grouped Personal Pension Plan in which case the scheme would be deemed a Company Pension and be caught by the above 5% and 20% company pension rules.
  • The company must be carrying on a trade, profession or vocation.  Investment companies do not qualify for exemption.
  • The company must not be controlled by you or people connected with you as the pension member e.g.  spouse and/or the SIPP either individually or together.  This applies at initial investment and on an ongoing basis.
  • Neither you as the pension member or a person connected with the member e.g.  spouse is a controlling director, otherwise the deemed "controlled" ownership threshold percentage is reduced from 50% to 20%.

The use of Self Invested Pensions owning private company shares becomes even more complex if the company then owns £6,000 or more in taxable property such as residential property or a company car that could be used by you.  If this was the position, the SIPP would then own indirect taxable property resulting in huge HMRC sanction charges of up to 55%. 

Our view is to only use a SIPP to buy private company shares as a last resort or if you have small pension funds that can be put to better use.

3.  Use Pension Fund Withdrawal facility known as Unsecured Pension to release Tax Free Cash

If you are over the age of 55, you are allowed to withdraw some or all of the tax free cash entitlement of your pension fund.  Read more about releasing Tax Free Cash.

Contact us now if you have a pension fund that you may consider converting or would like to set up a new pension scheme that would be able to buy shares in your company.


Explore our Site

Money MOT
T and C